Way to secure your own Wireless connection step by step
From the 21st century it is easy to use internet on your own mobile phone, tablets and any other wireless devices for every people without the clutter of cable from anywhere else within a limited range and that is wireless networking(Wi-Fi). It is very difficult to steal the bandwidth of your own in a wired connection that is because in wired connection the wire is connected from the broadband distributer to your router securely. But in case of wireless connection, anyone can access the bandwidth of yours even though they are living in a neighboring building or in the same building or sitting in a car that is parked outside your house. There are two major bad backing reason for wireless connection
1. It will increase your monthly internet bill rate especially because you must pay per byte of data transfer and because of sharing the same internet connection with other users, it will decrease your internet access speed so that your connection may be gone poor or low.
2. Through using your own wireless connection, it is very easy for hackers to steal your personal files, in short, using wireless connection there is a security hazard as hackers can hack your computer. There are few incidents happened where innocent internet users have been arrested for sending hate or spam emails but in reality, their email accounts hacked through unsecured Wi-Fi networks.
Steps to follow to secure wireless connection - It is not very difficult to make your wireless network secure, you just need to take few steps which will prevent two major issues that are it will prevent others from stealing your internet connection and also prevent hackers from stealing your personal data by securing your wireless network.
Step 1- At first, just open the router settings page
Firstly, you must know the access of your own wireless router’s settings. In general, into your web browser, you can do this by typing in “192.168.1.1” and search. Then you have to enter the correct user name and password for the router. This is unique for each router, so you have to check the user manual first.
If you lost the printed manual of the router that comes with your router purchase, you can Google to find out the manuals for your routers online.
Step 2- Creating a unique password on your router
Whenever you logged into your router for the first ever, the first thing that must be done by you is to change the “default password” that had been set by the company to something more secure. This will mainly prevent other users from accessing your router and you can then maintain the security settings easily as you want. From the administrative section in the settings on your router’s settings page, you can change the password whenever you want. The default values that had been set by the company are generally admin/password and may differ as depends upon the company. In case default username and password have been set on your routes, modems, switches and other networking equipment then it is a public database. That means for a while anyone can easily change the database that is the factory reset value into his/her choice values by using admin for both password and username fields.
Step-3 change the router connection’s SSID name
Every router has its own predefined SSID or Wireless Network Name that is “default” or is set as the company name of the router (i.e. Linksys, Cisco, Net Gear, Apple Airport, SMC, DLink, TP-LINK). Though it is not the particular solution to secure your router, changing the SSID to make your router more secure is a good idea, as no one knows the network which they are connecting to. You can find out the SSID in the basic wireless settings page. Once you set it, you will be more sure about the wireless network that you are connecting to if there are multiple wireless networks within the range of your router.
Step 4- enable encryption method in our router settings
In order to prevent other users from using your internet, you need to encrypt your wireless signals. There are several encryption methods, ex- WPA, WPA 2 etc. WPA (WPA Personal) is the basic encryption method and least secure and can be applied to any hardware of the network system whereas WPA2(Wi-Fi protected access version 2) is more secure and only be operated on the hardware that is made after 2006.
Step 5- Filter MAC addresses
Each and Every device have a unique MAC address to find out your own computer’s MAC address you just need to open the command prompt and then type in “ipconfig/all”, then beside the “physical address” name you will find out the MAC address. In your wireless router settings, you can add the MAC addresses of all your devices and with this only registered MAC address device can be connected to your network.
These are the way in which you can secure your wireless connection.